Biomarkers

Explore the biomarkers provided in Nightingale's research analysis services for blood, urine, cord blood and cerebrospinal fluid.

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Amino acids

Alanine
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
CSF
Cerebrospinal fluid
mmol/l
Glutamine
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
CSF
Cerebrospinal fluid
mmol/l
Glycine
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
Histidine
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
CSF
Cerebrospinal fluid
mmol/l
Lysine
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
CSF
Cerebrospinal fluid
mmol/l
Taurine
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
Threonine
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
Tryptophan
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine

Branched-chain amino acids

Isoleucine
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
CSF
Cerebrospinal fluid
mmol/l
Leucine
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
CSF
Cerebrospinal fluid
mmol/l
Total concentration of branched-chain amino acids (leucine + isoleucine + valine)
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Valine
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
CSF
Cerebrospinal fluid
mmol/l

Aromatic amino acids

Phenylalanine
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
CSF
Cerebrospinal fluid
mmol/l
Tyrosine
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
CSF
Cerebrospinal fluid
mmol/l

Apolipoproteins

Apolipoprotein A1
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
g/l
CB
Cord blood
g/l
Apolipoprotein B
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
g/l
CB
Cord blood
g/l
Ratio of apolipoprotein B to apolipoprotein A1
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
ratio
CB
Cord blood
ratio

Cholesterol

Clinical LDL cholesterol
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
HDL cholesterol
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
LDL cholesterol
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Remnant cholesterol (non-HDL, non-LDL -cholesterol)
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Total cholesterol
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Total cholesterol minus HDL-C
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
VLDL cholesterol
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l

Cholesteryl esters

Cholesteryl esters in HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Cholesteryl esters in LDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Cholesteryl esters in VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Total esterified cholesterol
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l

Dietary metabolites

2-Furoylglycine
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
3-Methylhistidine
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
Arabinose
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
Ascorbate
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
CSF
Cerebrospinal fluid
mmol/l
Ethanol
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
Fructose
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
CSF
Cerebrospinal fluid
mmol/l
HPHPA
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
Mannitol
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
Proline betaine *
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
Propylene glycol *
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
Quinic acid
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
Sucrose
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
trans-Aconitate
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
Xanthosine
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
Xylose
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine

Fatty acids

Degree of unsaturation
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
degree
CB
Cord blood
degree
Docosahexaenoic acid
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Linoleic acid
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Monounsaturated fatty acids
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Omega-3 fatty acids
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Omega-6 fatty acids
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Polyunsaturated fatty acids
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Saturated fatty acids
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Total fatty acids
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l

Fatty acid ratios

Ratio of docosahexaenoic acid to total fatty acids
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
CB
Cord blood
%
Ratio of linoleic acid to total fatty acids
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
CB
Cord blood
%
Ratio of monounsaturated fatty acids to total fatty acids
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
CB
Cord blood
%
Ratio of omega-3 fatty acids to total fatty acids
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
CB
Cord blood
%
Ratio of omega-6 fatty acids to omega-3 fatty acids
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
ratio
CB
Cord blood
ratio
Ratio of omega-6 fatty acids to total fatty acids
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
CB
Cord blood
%
Ratio of polyunsaturated fatty acids to monounsaturated fatty acids
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
ratio
CB
Cord blood
ratio
Ratio of polyunsaturated fatty acids to total fatty acids
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
CB
Cord blood
%
Ratio of saturated fatty acids to total fatty acids
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
CB
Cord blood
%

Fluid balance

Albumin
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
g/l
CB
Cord blood
g/l
Creatinine
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
U
Urine
mmol/l
CSF
Cerebrospinal fluid
mmol/l

Free cholesterol

Free cholesterol in HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Free cholesterol in LDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Free cholesterol in VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Total free cholesterol
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l

Glycolysis related metabolites

cis-Aconitate
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
Citrate 2
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
CSF
Cerebrospinal fluid
mmol/l
Glucose
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
CSF
Cerebrospinal fluid
mmol/l
Glycerol 1
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Lactate
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
CSF
Cerebrospinal fluid
mmol/l
Myo-Inositol
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
CSF
Cerebrospinal fluid
mmol/l
Pyruvate
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
CSF
Cerebrospinal fluid
mmol/l

Inflammation

Glycoprotein acetyls
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l

Ketone bodies

3-Hydroxybutyrate
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
CSF
Cerebrospinal fluid
mmol/l
Acetate
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
CSF
Cerebrospinal fluid
mmol/l
Acetoacetate
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Acetone
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l

Lipoprotein particle concentrations

Concentration of HDL particles
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Concentration of LDL particles
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Concentration of VLDL particles
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Total concentration of lipoprotein particles
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l

Lipoprotein particle sizes

Average diameter for HDL particles
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
nm
CB
Cord blood
nm
Average diameter for LDL particles
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
nm
CB
Cord blood
nm
Average diameter for VLDL particles
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
nm
CB
Cord blood
nm

Lipoprotein subclasses

Chylomicrons and extremely large VLDL (particle diameters from 75 nm upwards)

Cholesterol in chylomicrons and extremely large VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Cholesteryl esters in chylomicrons and extremely large VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Concentration of chylomicrons and extremely large VLDL particles
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Free cholesterol in chylomicrons and extremely large VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Phospholipids in chylomicrons and extremely large VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Total lipids in chylomicrons and extremely large VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Triglycerides in chylomicrons and extremely large VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l

Very large VLDL (average diameter 64 nm)

Cholesterol in very large VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Cholesteryl esters in very large VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Concentration of very large VLDL particles
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Free cholesterol in very large VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Phospholipids in very large VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Total lipids in very large VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Triglycerides in very large VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l

Large VLDL (average diameter 53.6 nm)

Cholesterol in large VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Cholesteryl esters in large VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Concentration of large VLDL particles
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Free cholesterol in large VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Phospholipids in large VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Total lipids in large VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Triglycerides in large VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l

Medium VLDL (average diameter 44.5 nm)

Cholesterol in medium VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Cholesteryl esters in medium VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Concentration of medium VLDL particles
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Free cholesterol in medium VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Phospholipids in medium VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Total lipids in medium VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Triglycerides in medium VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l

Small VLDL (average diameter 36.8 nm)

Cholesterol in small VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Cholesteryl esters in small VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Concentration of small VLDL particles
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Free cholesterol in small VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Phospholipids in small VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Total lipids in small VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Triglycerides in small VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l

Very small VLDL (average diameter 31.3 nm)

Cholesterol in very small VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Cholesteryl esters in very small VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Concentration of very small VLDL particles
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Free cholesterol in very small VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Phospholipids in very small VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Total lipids in very small VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Triglycerides in very small VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l

IDL (average diameter 28.6 nm)

Cholesterol in IDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Cholesteryl esters in IDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Concentration of IDL particles
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Free cholesterol in IDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Phospholipids in IDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Total lipids in IDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Triglycerides in IDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l

Large LDL (average diameter 25.5 nm)

Cholesterol in large LDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Cholesteryl esters in large LDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Concentration of large LDL particles
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Free cholesterol in large LDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Phospholipids in large LDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Total lipids in large LDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Triglycerides in large LDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l

Medium LDL (average diameter 23 nm)

Cholesterol in medium LDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Cholesteryl esters in medium LDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Concentration of medium LDL particles
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Free cholesterol in medium LDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Phospholipids in medium LDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Total lipids in medium LDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Triglycerides in medium LDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l

Small LDL (average diameter 18.7 nm)

Cholesterol in small LDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Cholesteryl esters in small LDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Concentration of small LDL particles
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Free cholesterol in small LDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Phospholipids in small LDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Total lipids in small LDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Triglycerides in small LDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l

Very large HDL (average diameter 14.3 nm)

Cholesterol in very large HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Cholesteryl esters in very large HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Concentration of very large HDL particles
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Free cholesterol in very large HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Phospholipids in very large HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Total lipids in very large HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Triglycerides in very large HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l

Large HDL (average diameter 12.1 nm)

Cholesterol in large HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Cholesteryl esters in large HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Concentration of large HDL particles
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Free cholesterol in large HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Phospholipids in large HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Total lipids in large HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Triglycerides in large HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l

Medium HDL (average diameter 10.9 nm)

Cholesterol in medium HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Cholesteryl esters in medium HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Concentration of medium HDL particles
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Free cholesterol in medium HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Phospholipids in medium HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Total lipids in medium HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Triglycerides in medium HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l

Small HDL (average diameter 8.7 nm)

Cholesterol in small HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Cholesteryl esters in small HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Concentration of small HDL particles
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Free cholesterol in small HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Phospholipids in small HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
Total lipids in small HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Triglycerides in small HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l

Microbial metabolism

3-Hydroxyhippurate
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
Dimethylamine
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
Trimethylamine N-oxide
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine

Miscellaneous

2-Hydroxybutyrate
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
CSF
Cerebrospinal fluid
mmol/l
2-Hydroxyisobutyrate
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
2-Hydroxyisovalerate
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
CSF
Cerebrospinal fluid
mmol/l
2-Ketoisovalerate
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
CSF
Cerebrospinal fluid
mmol/l
3-Hydroxyisobutyrate
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
CSF
Cerebrospinal fluid
mmol/l
3-Hydroxyisovalerate
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
CSF
Cerebrospinal fluid
mmol/l
4-Deoxyerythronic acid
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
4-Deoxythreonate
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
4-Hydroxyhippurate
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
Allantoin
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
Creatine
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
CSF
Cerebrospinal fluid
mmol/l
Ethanolamine
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
Formate
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
CSF
Cerebrospinal fluid
mmol/l
Glycolate
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
Hypoxanthine
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
Indoxyl Sulfate
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
Mannose
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
CSF
Cerebrospinal fluid
mmol/l
Pseudouridine
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
Pyroglutamate
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
Urea 3
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
CSF
Cerebrospinal fluid
mmol/l

Nicotinate and nicotinamide metabolism

1-Methylnicotinamide
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
Trigonelline
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine

Other lipids

Phosphatidylcholines
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Phosphoglycerides
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Ratio of triglycerides to phosphoglycerides
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
ratio
CB
Cord blood
ratio
Sphingomyelins
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Total cholines
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l

Phenylalanine metabolism

Hippurate
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine

Phospholipids

Phospholipids in HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Phospholipids in LDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Phospholipids in VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Total phospholipids in lipoprotein particles
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l

Pyrimidine metabolism

3-Aminoisobutyrate
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine
Uracil
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
U
Urine
mmol/l & ratio to creatinine

Relative lipoprotein lipid concentrations

Chylomicrons and extremely large VLDL ratios

Cholesterol to total lipids ratio in chylomicrons and extremely large VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Cholesteryl esters to total lipids ratio in chylomicrons and extremely large VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Free cholesterol to total lipids ratio in chylomicrons and extremely large VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Phospholipids to total lipids ratio in chylomicrons and extremely large VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Triglycerides to total lipids ratio in chylomicrons and extremely large VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%

Very large VLDL ratios

Cholesterol to total lipids ratio in very large VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Cholesteryl esters to total lipids ratio in very large VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Free cholesterol to total lipids ratio in very large VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Phospholipids to total lipids ratio in very large VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Triglycerides to total lipids ratio in very large VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%

Large VLDL ratios

Cholesterol to total lipids ratio in large VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Cholesteryl esters to total lipids ratio in large VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Free cholesterol to total lipids ratio in large VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Phospholipids to total lipids ratio in large VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Triglycerides to total lipids ratio in large VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%

Medium VLDL ratios

Cholesterol to total lipids ratio in medium VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Cholesteryl esters to total lipids ratio in medium VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Free cholesterol to total lipids ratio in medium VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Phospholipids to total lipids ratio in medium VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Triglycerides to total lipids ratio in medium VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%

Small VLDL ratios

Cholesterol to total lipids ratio in small VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Cholesteryl esters to total lipids ratio in small VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Free cholesterol to total lipids ratio in small VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Phospholipids to total lipids ratio in small VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Triglycerides to total lipids ratio in small VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%

Very small VLDL ratios

Cholesterol to total lipids ratio in very small VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Cholesteryl esters to total lipids ratio in very small VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Free cholesterol to total lipids ratio in very small VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Phospholipids to total lipids ratio in very small VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Triglycerides to total lipids ratio in very small VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%

IDL ratios

Cholesterol to total lipids ratio in IDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Cholesteryl esters to total lipids ratio in IDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Free cholesterol to total lipids ratio in IDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Phospholipids to total lipids ratio in IDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Triglycerides to total lipids ratio in IDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%

Large LDL ratios

Cholesterol to total lipids ratio in large LDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Cholesteryl esters to total lipids ratio in large LDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Free cholesterol to total lipids ratio in large LDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Phospholipids to total lipids ratio in large LDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Triglycerides to total lipids ratio in large LDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%

Medium LDL ratios

Cholesterol to total lipids ratio in medium LDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Cholesteryl esters to total lipids ratio in medium LDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Free cholesterol to total lipids ratio in medium LDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Phospholipids to total lipids ratio in medium LDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Triglycerides to total lipids ratio in medium LDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%

Small LDL ratios

Cholesterol to total lipids ratio in small LDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Cholesteryl esters to total lipids ratio in small LDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Free cholesterol to total lipids ratio in small LDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Phospholipids to total lipids ratio in small LDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Triglycerides to total lipids ratio in small LDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%

Very large HDL ratios

Cholesterol to total lipids ratio in very large HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Cholesteryl esters to total lipids ratio in very large HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Free cholesterol to total lipids ratio in very large HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Phospholipids to total lipids ratio in very large HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Triglycerides to total lipids ratio in very large HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%

Large HDL ratios

Cholesterol to total lipids ratio in large HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Cholesteryl esters to total lipids ratio in large HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Free cholesterol to total lipids ratio in large HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Phospholipids to total lipids ratio in large HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Triglycerides to total lipids ratio in large HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%

Medium HDL ratios

Cholesterol to total lipids ratio in medium HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Cholesteryl esters to total lipids ratio in medium HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Free cholesterol to total lipids ratio in medium HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Phospholipids to total lipids ratio in medium HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Triglycerides to total lipids ratio in medium HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%

Small HDL ratios

Cholesterol to total lipids ratio in small HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Cholesteryl esters to total lipids ratio in small HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Free cholesterol to total lipids ratio in small HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Phospholipids to total lipids ratio in small HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%
Triglycerides to total lipids ratio in small HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
%

Total lipids

Total lipids in HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Total lipids in LDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Total lipids in lipoprotein particles
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Total lipids in VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l

Triglycerides

Total triglycerides
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Triglycerides in HDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Triglycerides in LDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l
Triglycerides in VLDL
B
CB
U
CSF
Open
Available forMeasurement units
B
Blood
mmol/l
CB
Cord blood
mmol/l

Each biomarker panel comes as a package. When you order our service, you get all biomarkers listed under that panel.

Download our biomarker lists

Publications

Read more how these biomarkers have enabled scientific discoveries in over 250 publications
*
Biomarker on urine platform is tentative and subject to change
1
Biomarker is not available for EDTA plasma samples on blood or cord blood
2
Biomarker is not available for Citrate plasma samples on blood or cord blood platform
3
Biomarker not available for 150 µl volume on CSF platform